Microbial Genomics & Genome Sequencing deals with the knowledge of entire genetic sequences opens a whole new range of possibilities for more efficient research. The nearly complete human genome sequence is the cornerstone of genome-based biology which provides the richest intellectual resource in the history of biology. The availability of entire genome sequences marks a new age in biology as it has the potential to open innovative and efficient research avenues. Thus many laboratories are addressing important questions in functional genomics research by integrating genomic, proteomic, genetic, biochemical, and bioinformatic approaches. As such areas in functional genomics and associated genomic technology are developing very rapidly. This session discusses more about microbial genomics and genome sequencing.