Infection and Immunity Inflammation is concerned with the studies on research and how it provides new insights into the interactions between bacterial, fungal and parasitic pathogens and their hosts. Specific areas of interest include mechanisms of molecular pathogenesis, virulence factors, cellular microbiology, bacterial infection, host responses and inflammation, fungal and parasitic infections, microbial immunity and vaccines, and molecular genomics. experimental models of infection, host resistance or susceptibility, and the generation of innate and adaptive immune responses. It also focuses on research and studies on microbiome relating to host-pathogen interactions. Inflammation is a defense mechanism in the body. The immune system recognizes damaged cells, irritants, and pathogens, and it begins the healing process. It is the body’s attempt at self-protection to remove harmful stimuli and begin the healing process and so part of the body’s immune response. Infections, wounds, and any damage to tissue would not be able to heal without an inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation can eventually cause several diseases and conditions, including some cancers and rheumatoid arthritis.