Fertilizers and Pesticides both have definite pros and cons associated with their use. Both types of chemical tend to increase yields, and thus make a significant difference in food production, particularly in countries that struggle periodically with famines. On the other hand, they both can cause water pollution when erosion carries the chemicals off of farms along with eroded soils after each rainfall. There is also concern by some authorities that pesticides pose a risk, not only to non-target animal and plant species, but to humans as well. There is no doubt that fertilizers increase yields of crops around the world. Norman Borlaug, the father of the 1960s Green Revolution, which vastly expanded food production and helped stave off world hunger has argued that modern farming, including the use of fertilizers and herbicides double or triple food production. This session discusses more about the latest developments in fertilizers and pesticides.