Crop breeding is the art and science of improving important agricultural plants for the benefit of humankind. Crop breeders work to make our food, fiber, forage, and industrial crops more productive and nutritious. Crops provide for an expanding global population with increasing dietary expectations. Environmental protection is also improved by the work of crop breeders. Plant breeding has been practiced by farmers since the dawn of agriculture, as they selected plants for larger seeds, more tasty fruits, and other valuable traits. Today, both farmers and scientists work to breed plants. Crop breeding is a rapidly advancing science. It is able to make use of genetic and biotechnological innovations to efficiently develop better crop varieties. Recent biotechnological developments are helping breeders make desired genetic changes with much greater precision. They can cut out, add in, or otherwise edit genes so a plant can be more productive