Agricultural Microbiology deals with the study of plant-associated microbes, plant and animal diseases. Agricultural microbiology deals with soil fertility such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations. It further addresses problems in agricultural practices caused by lack of biodiversity in microbial communities. The study of microbial strains relevant to agricultural applications is useful in factors such as soil nutrients, plant-pathogen resistance, crop robustness, fertilization uptake efficiency, and more. The many symbiotic relationships between plants and microbes ultimately exploits for greater food production necessary to feed the expanding human populace. In addition to safer farming techniques for the sake of minimizing ecological disruption, this session discusses the latest trends in agriculture microbiology.