Agriculture Microbiology

Agricultural Microbiology deals with the study of plant-associated microbes, plant and animal diseases. Agricultural microbiology deals with soil fertility such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations. It further addresses problems...

Horticulture Therapy

Horticultural Therapy designs appealing aesthetics in plants which elicit feelings of inner peace generating positive emotions towards a meaningful appreciation of life. Horticulture therapists create therapeutic gardens with plant-dominated environment purposefully...

Agricultural Waste Management

Agricultural Waste Management deals with the disposing of agricultural waste material to improve crop production by increasing the supply of nutrients in soils where the material is applied. Manure is the excrement of livestock and poultry, and food-processing waste...

Organic Farming

Organic farming is an agricultural system originated in early 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop...

Food Nanotechnology

Food Nanotechnology improvises food processes that use enzymes to confer nutrition and health benefits. For instance, enzymes are added to food to hydrolyze anti-nutritive components to increase the bio-availability of essential nutrients such as minerals and...

Food & Nutrients

Nutrients in food are necessary for the healthy growth of human beings. Food we take consists of B Vitamins, Calcium, Carbohydrates, Cholesterol, Fat, Fiber, Folic Acid, Incomplete Proteins, Iron, Niacin, Protein, Riboflavin, Saturated Fats, Sodium Thiamin,...

Greenhouse & Horticulture

Greenhouse and Horticulture developed techniques to adapt food crops to the right environment through breeding and selecting plants resistant to drought and to shorter production cycles and adjust to the environment surrounding the plants. Plant cultivation is...

Soil Science & Soil Fertility

Soil science deals with the study of edaphic conditions as they relate to the production of food and fiber. Soil science is also a constituent of the field of agronomy and is thus also described as soil agronomy. Soil fertility refers to the ability of a soil to...

Fertilizers and Pesticides

Fertilizers and Pesticides both have definite pros and cons associated with their use. Both types of chemical tend to increase yields, and thus make a significant difference in food production, particularly in countries that struggle periodically with famines. On the...

Agronomy & Crop Science

Agronomy and Crop Science deal with the challenges in agricultural problems such as drought, chemical constraints, extreme temperatures, flooding and oxidative stress, mineral deficiency and toxicity stress. It further focuses on increasing crop yields while ensuring...

Agriculture and Environment

The environmental impact of agriculture is the effect that different farming practices have on the ecosystems around them; and how those effects can be traced back to those practices. The environmental impact of agriculture varies based on the wide variety of...

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural biotechnology is a subfield of agricultural science which involves the use of scientific tools and techniques including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants,...

Plant Science

Plant Science deals with the subject of conventional large-scale farming, organic agriculture, new sustainable production practices, medicinal plants, greenhouse management, and turf and lawn management. Plant science mainly focuses on field crops, fruits and...

Agriculture & Food Security

Agriculture & Food Security address the challenges of global food security. It deals with food security research, sustainable agriculture and food systems, nutritional insecurity, agricultural, ecological, environmental, nutritional, and socio-economic sciences,...

Agriculture Engineering

Agricultural Engineering deals with agricultural activities such as planning, supervising and managing the building of dairy effluent schemes, irrigation, drainage, flood water control systems, performing environmental impact assessments, agricultural product...
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